Building an Uncertain Future
Who are the Multiracials?
Co-authored with René D. Flores
Full title: Who are the Multiracials? Understanding Multiracial Identification in the US Census 2000-2020
The number of multiracial Americans, those who identify as more than one race in the U.S. Census, is growing rapidly. In 2010, they represented 2.7% of the U.S. population. By 2020, they amounted to 11.6%. This represents a 327% growth in the multiracial population in 10 years. This sudden population growth puzzled many observers. Some believe it is driven by more multiracial babies being born. Others believe it represents larger “shifts in culture and society” in terms of how Americans identify themselves and how they think about the boxes available to them . Yet others may posit that changes in how the U.S. Census formulates the identity question and how it processes such information may be the main culprits. Our inability to adjudicate between these competing explanations hinders our empirical understanding of the compositional landscape of the United States. Further, it prevents us from assessing whether and how the way race is constructed in the U.S. may be changing. We tackle this empirical puzzle by examining three competing explanations for this sudden growth: 1) Natural demographic growth, 2) Census artifacts (changes in question, changes in processing data), and 3) Cultural changes around racial identification.
Under review at the The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences
Planning for El Futuro
Co-authored with Selena Zhong
Full title: Planning for El Futuro: Understanding Retirement “Return” Migration Desires among Latinos in the US
Retirement planning represents a major transition in the life-course that can be particularly challenging for the Latino immigrant and second generation in the United States. Latinos may employ migration to Latin America as a strategy to financially support retirement, though, familial and emotional ties may also shape these desires. Using data from a novel nationally representative survey of the Latino population in the US (N=1046), we study the factors that are associated with Latino adults' desired to spend all or part of their retirement in the homeland.
Risk and Resilience of Migrant and Seasonal Head Start Families
Co-authored with Michael Schultz and Michael Lopez
Full title: Understanding the Risk and Resilience of Migrant and Seasonal Head Start Children and Their Families within the Context of the Hispanic Population Served by Head Start